Who we can help
DBT and Schema Therapy are both evidence based treatments, recommended by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) that can help people with the following types of difficulties:
- Intense and long lasting emotions
- Self loathing/hatred
- Self harm
- Suicidal thoughts, urges and behaviour
- Angry outburst
- Feelings of emptiness
- Lots of ups and downs in relationships
- Feeling spaced out/detached from yourself/others/the world
- Troublesome memories from the past
- Multiple/confusing diagnoses
- Limited benefit from previous therapy
- A diagnosis of Borderline or Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder
- A diagnosis of other Personality Disorders
About Personality Disorder
Our personality is what makes each of us an individual. It controls the way in which we think, feel and behave. They tend to be relatively stable overtime, but have the ability to develop, adapting to what we learn and experience as we grow. This means that although we tend to have a set “personality pattern”, we can be flexible and change our ways of thinking and behaving in order to cope with life more effectively. However, if you have a personality disorder this adaptation can be very difficult.
Personality disorder comes in many shapes and forms and so is very common. Overall, there are ten different types, which can be split into 3 different clusters.
Cluster A is the “odd or eccentric” cluster, which covers; paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal and antisocial personality disorders.
Cluster B is the “dramatic, emotional or erratic” cluster, which includes; borderline, histrionic and narcissistic personality disorders.
Cluster C is the “anxious and fearful” cluster and covers; avoidant, dependent and obsessive compulsive personality disorders.
It is possible for one person to meet the criteria for more than one personality disorder and it is also possible for many people to fit the criteria for the same disorder despite having very different personalities.
Personality disorders are caused by a gene-environment interaction. This means that although it is possible to be born with a genetic vulnerability to personality disorders, the environment in which you live is also very important. In general, a personality disorder tends to become apparent in late adolescence or early adulthood, with it becoming a “way of being” as you grow.
A diagnosis of personality disorder can only be made if you have personality difficulties which affect all areas of your life, all of the time and therefore, cannot be made if the change to personality is caused by a life event. In particular people with personality disorders tend to have great difficulty with relationships with other people, whether this be with friends, partners or relatives.
The specialist team at Hampshire & Surrey Psychology are fully trained in the diagnosis and treatment of personality disorders, especially in the case of Borderline or Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder. As well as offering individual and group therapy, they are able to work with family members who may be struggling to understand the difficulties that their loved one may be facing.